This study started with an evaluation of the current situation regarding the residential buildings in Mauritius and proposes a number of recommendations for the design of sustainable residential buildings.The purpose of the research work was to carry out an analysis of the current status of sustainability in residential buildings in Mauritius, study the existing policies, international standards and codes of practices relevant to sustainable residential building designs worldwide and provides guidelines and key recommendations for sustainable residential building design in Mauritius. The research involved the investigation of the fundamental issues such as site selection, construction and optimisation, energy efficiency, water conservation and preservation, use of environmentally preferable building materials, enhancement of indoor environmental quality operational practices and waste management. A number of all inclusive and wide ranging recommendations that can be utilised as a guide for the design of sustainable residential buildings, taking into consideration all phases of the facility life cycle, have been proposed. The study also highlights the need for the authentic commitment of all stakeholders towards environmental stewardship and conservation. The collaboration of all parties will lead to a favourable balance of cost, environmental and social benefits, and will meet the goals of sustainable development and comfortable functions of the Mauritian residential buildings.