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5 November 2022
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Bruguiera gymnorhiza (L.) Lam is a black mangrove originating from the Rhizophoraceae family and is scarcely distributed along the Southern and East coasts of Africa. It plays a key role in the coastal ecosystem but has not received due attention in terms of its pharmacological properties and phytochemical screening. Among the few biological activities tested, the most common one was antioxidant, which showed rather promising antioxidant effects. B. gymnorhiza holds much importance in folk medicine, mainly used in India for its ability to manage diabetes, fever, and diarrhea among others, but no report has mentioned its traditional usage in Africa. Consequently, the plant requires a reintroduction among researchers to extensively validate its pharmacological activities and isolate the set of phytoconstituents present. The botanical description, distribution, ethnobotanical, and traditional usage as well as the known pharmacological activity have been reported in this chapter.