Adsorption of synthetic dyed wastewater using activated carbon from rice husk
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25 November 2022
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The purpose of this study was to remove dyes from synthetic dyed wastewater using activated carbon derived from rice husk. The initial dye concentration was 45 mg/L. The batch adsorption worked best in an acidic medium of pH 2, adsorbent dosage of 13 g/L and agitation speed of 100 rpm with maximum dye removal of 80% after 10 min. The maximum adsorption capacity of the absorbent was found to be 2.0 mg/g with a final dye concentration of 10.8 mg/L. The adsorption was found to be a non-spontaneous, endothermic chemisorption process with less disorder which best fitted the Temkin model and followed pseudo-second order. For column adsorption, the highest qo corresponds to 12.8 mg/g and the maximum dye removal was above 99.5%. Some of the experimental deductions were confirmed by gas-phase computations [B3LYP/6-31G(d)].