Polyphenolic content and antioxidant activity of Eugenia pollicina leaf extract in vitro and in model emulsion systems
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29 August 2022
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The polyphenolic profile of a leaf extract of the Mauritian endemic plant, Eugenia pollicina, was assessed as a source of natural antioxidants. The amounts of flavan-3-ol derivatives determined by HPLC, were in the order of (−)-epicatechin (EC) > (−)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) > (+)-catechin (C) > (−)-epicatechin gallate (ECG) with the levels of Procyanidin B2 and B1 dimers ranging from 1 to 3 mg g−1 FW. The trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity and ferric reducing antioxidant power values were 796 μmol g−1 FW and 302 μmol g−1 FW respectively. E. pollicina extracts also strongly inhibited the FeCl3 and ascorbate-dependent microsome lipid peroxidation, a function that is linked to their flavonoid contents. The extent of DNA damage induced by the extract under study in the copper-phenanthroline assay was lower than the effect of a reference of 240 μM ascorbate. E. pollicina extracts also inhibited lipid autoxidation in the 30% (v/v) olive oil and soybean oil oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions and was effective in slowing down the formation of hydroperoxides in the emulsions during 13 days storage at 40 °C as determined by the peroxide, conjugated diene and para-anisidine values. The high levels of total phenolics, flavonoids and procyanidins measured indicate that E. pollicina is a potential source of antioxidants relevant to the maintenance of oxidative stability of the food matrix, cosmetics and/or pharmaceutical preparations.